History & Heritage

A destination's history reminds us of where things started and inspires us to keep moving to where we want to be. On March 24, 1803, the State of Ohio established Butler County. The county was named in honor of Richard Butler, who was killed in St. Clair's defeat in 1791. It was originally part of Hamilton County. Butler County is rich with historical landmarks, museums, sculptures and historic districts.

You'll see many museums and memorials throughout Butler County, reminding you of days gone by. The Canal Museum in Middletown lies on the former route of the Miami-Erie Canal and showcases displays of the canal and the early industry of Middletown. The Soldiers, Sailors and Pioneers Monument in Hamilton sits on the site of Fort Hamilton and prominently displays a 17-foot Civil War Soldier proclaiming victory. In Oxford the Freedom Summer 1964 Memorial, located on the historic Western College campus of Miami University, commemorates the civil rights workers who were trained at the Western College for Women, now part of Miami University.

Throughout some of Butler County's oldest communities lie stunning historic gems. The Chrisholm Historic Farmsead in Trenton, built in 1874, was the home of the leading family of the Amish-Mennonite settlement that existed in the early 19th Century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Another historical treasure lies in Fairfield: the Elisha Morgan Farm Mansion. This Fleming Bond brick farm "mansion", is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and was built in 1817.

Hamilton is home to many stunning historic homes that mark the grand architecture of years past. The city offers walking tours that highlight the area's most notable structures and provides a booklet that details the historical significance of each property. Take an interactive tour of Hamilton's historic landmarks and view the tour booklet by visiting the city's digital booklet: Walking Tours of Historic Hamilton, Ohio

Take a step back in time and experience the most stunning and significant historical landmarks in Butler County.

To get started download Butler County History is Here! presented by the Butler County Historical Collaborative. This detailed guide will take you on an informative historical journey, and help you experience our exciting historic places and spaces.


Canal Museum

1605 N. Verity Pkwy. Middletown OH 45042 Location: Middletown Phone: (513) 424-5539

The Canal Museum is located on the route of the Miami-Erie Canal, which was operational from 1825 - 1929. Constructed in 1982, the Canal Museum presents displays that feature the Miami-Erie Canal and...[more]

Chick House - monroe

Chickahominy House Museum

10 E. Elm St. Monroe OH 45050 Location: Monroe Phone: (513) 539-2270

The Chickahominy House was copied from the Old Chickahominy House in Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. It was designed to showcase the interior of a modern home from the late 1890's to early 1900...[more]


Chrisholm MetroPark Historic Farmstead

2070 Woodsdale Rd. Trenton OH 45067 Location: Trenton Phone: (513) 867-5835

Built in 1874, this farmhouse was the home of the leading family of the Amish-Mennonite settlement that existed in the early 19th Century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places....[more]


Citizens for Historic and Preservation Services

P.O. Box 1276 Hamilton OH 45012 Location: Hamilton Phone:

Citizens for Historic and Preservation Services strives to educate the public on the value of saving significant buildings and structures from neglect and modernization (that destroy the integrity of...[more]


Dayton Lane Historic District

712 Dayton St. Hamilton OH 45011 Location: Hamilton Phone: (513) 844-8080

The Dayton-Lane Historic District encompasses homes of Hamilton's prominent industrialists. Featuring more than 200 structures represent architectural styles from the last quarter of the 19th...[more]


DeWitt Log House

4824 Trenton Oxford Rd. Oxford OH 45056 Location: Oxford Phone: (513) 523-8005

The log house of Zachariah Price DeWitt is the oldest remaining structure in Oxford Township. It is the last of the pioneer homesteads established along the Four-Mile Creek before Oxford Township,...[more]

Elisha Morgan Farm Mansion

Elisha Morgan Farm Mansion

6181 Ross Rd. Fairfield OH 45014 Location: Fairfield Phone: (513) 867-5348

The Elisha Morgan Mansion is a Flemish Bond brick farm "mansion," built c.1817, and stands as a treasured historic landmark in the City of Fairfield. It has been determined that the house,...[more]

Fairfield Historical Society

Fairfield Historical Society

6181 Ross Road Fairfield OH 45014 Location: Fairfield Phone:

The formation of the Fairfield Historical Society was inspired by the celebration of the city's 50th anniversary in 2005, and is led by a group of people long interested in the rich history of...[more]

General Store and More

General Store & More

4751 Cincinnati Brookville Rd Shandon OH 45064 Location: Okeana/Shandon Phone: (513) 738-1881

Shandon General Store and More is the former home of A. R. Robinson's General Store. In November 1905 construction began on this building for Alexander and Ellen Robinson. The country store was...[more]

brethren church

German United Brethren Church

4652 Cincinnati Brookville Road Shandon OH 45013 Location: Okeana/Shandon Phone:

This building, located on now private residence, was erected in 1886 on land donated by John B. and Emily Hauser Walther. United Brethren services had been held at Hickory Chapel, then at the...[more]