History & Heritage

A destination's history reminds us of where things started and inspires us to keep moving to where we want to be. On March 24, 1803, the State of Ohio established Butler County. The county was named in honor of Richard Butler, who was killed in St. Clair's defeat in 1791. It was originally part of Hamilton County. Butler County is rich with historical landmarks, museums, sculptures and historic districts.

You'll see many museums and memorials throughout Butler County, reminding you of days gone by. The Canal Museum in Middletown lies on the former route of the Miami-Erie Canal and showcases displays of the canal and the early industry of Middletown. The Soldiers, Sailors and Pioneers Monument in Hamilton sits on the site of Fort Hamilton and prominently displays a 17-foot Civil War Soldier proclaiming victory. In Oxford the Freedom Summer 1964 Memorial, located on the historic Western College campus of Miami University, commemorates the civil rights workers who were trained at the Western College for Women, now part of Miami University.

Throughout some of Butler County's oldest communities lie stunning historic gems. The Chrisholm Historic Farmsead in Trenton, built in 1874, was the home of the leading family of the Amish-Mennonite settlement that existed in the early 19th Century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Another historical treasure lies in Fairfield: the Elisha Morgan Farm Mansion. This Fleming Bond brick farm "mansion", is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and was built in 1817.

Hamilton is home to many stunning historic homes that mark the grand architecture of years past. The city offers walking tours that highlight the area's most notable structures and provides a booklet that details the historical significance of each property. Take an interactive tour of Hamilton's historic landmarks and view the tour booklet by visiting the city's digital booklet: Walking Tours of Historic Hamilton, Ohio

Take a step back in time and experience the most stunning and significant historical landmarks in Butler County.

To get started download Butler County History is Here! presented by the Butler County Historical Collaborative. This detailed guide will take you on an informative historical journey, and help you experience our exciting historic places and spaces.


Trenton Pioneer Cemetery

State Street and Hamilton Avenue Trenton OH 45067 Location: Trenton Phone: (513) 988-9050

The Pioneer Cemetery, formerly called The elk Creek Baptist Church and Cemetery, was established in 1804.[more]


University Historic District

14 W. Park Pl. , Suite C Oxford OH 45056 Location: Oxford Phone: (513) 523-8687

A self-guided walking tour booklet of the University Historic District is available from the Oxford Visitors Bureau and from the Smith Library of Regional History. The district, located just east of...[more]


Uptown Oxford Historic District

14 W. Park Pl. , Suite C Oxford OH 45056 Location: Oxford Phone: (513) 523-8687

The Uptown Oxford Historic District includes commercial, residential, recreational, and religious sites in the High Street business district. A self-guided walking tour booklet highlights a 12-block...[more]

Veterans Memorial

Veterans Memorial

1401 S. Woodside Blvd. Middletown OH 45042 Location: Middletown Phone: (513) 422-3291

A project that began in 2001, the Middletown Veterans Memorial is located within Woodside Cemetery and Arboretum, and honors all Middletown and surrounding area veterans.[more]


West Chester/ Union Historical Society

5171 Rialto Rd West Chester OH 45069 Location: West Chester Phone: (513) 874-4373

It is the mission of this Society to collect, care for, study, display and preserve all history associated with West Chester (Union) Township. We will make that history available to the general...[more]

Western College for Women

Western College for Women Historic District

441 S. Locust St. Oxford OH 45056 Location: Oxford Phone: (513) 523-3035

A private women's school, the Western College for Women began as the Western Female Seminary in 1853 and was named because it was the “western” representation of Mount Holyoke...[more]

Woodside Cemetery Sign

Woodside Cemetery & Arboretum

1401 S Woodside Blvd Middletown OH 45011 Location: Middletown Phone: (513) 422-3291

Recipient of the National Grounds Maintenance Grand Award for Cemeteries in 1993-1994, the Woodside Cemetery & Arboretum has over 5,000 annual flowers; 5,000 fall pansies in plant beds and large...[more]